Masonry is one of the oldest building techniques still used today in Northern Europe, where it was developed to utilize natural resources like clay and sand.
For many centuries ago, bricklaying was done by apprentices who learned their skills from craftsmen called masters. These days a mason can be anyone with an education on how to lay bricks or stone for construction projects.
The primary function of a mason as outlined by the American Labor Department includes: laying foundations (including concrete slabs), erecting walls up to eight feet high, installing glass windows or other exterior features that are not structural in nature such as metal rails for stairs according to blueprints, finishing interior surfaces including carpentry, and applying plaster or stucco to the outside of buildings.
Masonry is a skilled job that requires years of training as well as on-the-job experience before one can call themselves a true mason. There are many different types of building materials used in constructing these structures, including brick and stone for exterior walls, wood framing studs for interior space dividers such as partitions or doors, plywood sheets at floor level where the plumbing pipes will be hidden from view because they may not always be visible through other finishes like tile or carpeting.
Masons work with people who want their homes built out by providing them with an estimate based upon how much it would cost per square foot if they were to purchase blocks of stone for the exterior walls. After they have a rough plan approved by their client, they create drawings based on how much material is needed to complete the job and then submit them to the owner before demolition can begin so that there are no surprises in terms of cost later on down the road when it has already been completed.