In the mid-1950s, drywall was first sold as small fireproof tiles and eventually became a widely used building material. In the 1960s, drywall was being used more frequently in the new construction. Although plaster and cement were still widely used in new construction, drywall’s use became more widespread. The real estate boom of the decade prompted the construction of tens of thousands of new homes across the country.
Gypsum was first discovered in massive beds. Impurities in these beds made them look different colors, including white. A famous gypsum bed in the United States is the White Sands National Monument. Though it contains a high content of water, gypsum is dry. The crystalline nature of drywall means that it resists fire. Despite the dry surface, drywall is a durable material that lasts a long time.
Throughout history, drywall has proven itself as a valuable building material. It has been used for thousands of years. Ancient Egyptians used it to build their pyramids. The Greeks and Romans also made drywall for the construction of their major buildings. Aside from being used in building structures, it has also been found in archaeological sites, where gypsum was burned in open fires. It is possible that the ancients used drywall for their architecture.
After World War II, the construction industry saw a massive increase in the use of drywall. The increased need for cheaper materials meant that drywall was much more affordable. Labor shortages meant that plastering was expensive. Using drywall was a cheaper, faster alternative. This also helped people think patriotically, as it allowed them to contribute to the war effort. And, as the market for drywall continued to grow, there were even more scandals and a drastic rise in price.
While it is difficult to trace the exact origins of drywall, it is worth knowing that the history of this building material has been filled with price-fixing scandals. A Department of Justice memo in 2010 ordered the Georgia-Pacific to sell two gypsum plants in order to restore competitive prices. In the past, major producers of gypsum wallboard have been caught up in criminal and civil litigation.
The benefits of drywall were first realized during World War II, when plastering became too labor-intensive. Additionally, a lack of available labor led to a shortage of materials, such as plaster and drywall. Because of this shortage, many builders began to use drywall as an inexpensive and time-saving option. Eventually, gypsum board became the dominant building material in the United States. It also became a symbol of patriotic sentiment for the country, as it was widely used in the military.
Today, drywall is the most popular building material in North America. Its affordability and insulating properties have made it an essential part of the construction industry. Aside from being used in walls and ceilings, drywall is also used to design architectural features. It can also be used to cover steel beams and wrap columns. Moreover, gypsum board is also used as a top layer for masonry walls.